Choosing the Right Train for Your Machu Picchu Visit

If you are currently planning a trip to Machu Picchu, chances are good that at some point you will have to choose a train. There are currently two different companies that operate trains to, and back from Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu Pueblo), and each company offers multiple train classes.

Peru Rail Expedition Train

Peru Rail Expedition Train

This post will outline some of the differences and hopefully help readers to make an informed decision as to which train would be best for them.

Peru Rail vs Inca Rail:

Based on past guest comments, both of these companies provide similar service and operate from most of the same stations, at least the main stations in Poroy and Ollantaytambo, and Peru Rail is the only company currently running trains from the Urubamba station.

My advice between the two companies it to just choose the train that best fits your schedule and/or budget. Considering the trains share the same track, that is mostly just a single set of rails, reliability really does not come into play either because if a train breaks down (either Peru or Inka Rail), that will stop everything, not just the one train.

Now on to specific class selection, both companies offer more than one option for train classes and I will do my best to offer descriptions of each one based on what each company indicated on their website, as well as on past guest feed back regarding each of the train classes.

Inka Rail:

I though I would start with Inka Rail as this will be the easiest one to go over and is fairly straight forward. Currently Inka Rail offers 3 choices for trains Executive Class, First Class, and Presidential Class.

Executive Class – These trains are the base class for Inka Rail and provide comfortable seating (2 seats on each side), tables, a selection of hot and cold drinks(non-alcoholic), music, as well as side and top windows so that you can enjoy the scenery. One thing to note with these trains is that the top windows are not as large as those on the base Peru Rail Trains.

First Class – Currently these carriages are the same as those for the Executive class, so the top and side windows offer the same views, we have heard though that next year Inka Rail plans to introduce new carriages for the First Class trains that will offer much larger windows. So the main differences offered with the First Class trains are wider seating (2 on one side & 1 on the other), live music, a welcome cocktail, a gourmet meal with hot or cold drinks (non-alcoholic), and an Observatory-Lounge that has spacious arm chairs, a bar and an open balcony. According to the website, the Observatory-Lounge is also available for private booking.

Presidential Class – With Presidential Class you are booking an entire carriage just for you and your friends, which I believe is the Observatory-Lounge car. The carriage has sofas, arm chairs, an open bar, includes a welcome bottle of champagne, and a gourmet meal that includes wine. As this a a private carriage, it can be added to any of the standard trains, so departure times are the same as any of the other trains that run between Ollantaytambo and Aguas Calientes.

Peru Rail:

Peru Rail offers 4 different classes of trains, the Expedition, the Vistadome, the Perurail Sacred Valley and the Belmond Hiram Bingham, with the Sacred Valley and Hiram Bingham trains only operating from specific stations.

Expedition – These are the base class of train for Peru Rail and feature comfortable seating (2 seats on each side), tables, a selection of hot or cold drinks (non-alcoholic), a light snack and large side and top windows to enjoy the scenery. They also have alcoholic drinks available for sale as well as additional snacks and souvenirs and on the return journey to Ollantaytambo, you can purchase baby alpaca items.

Vistadome – This is the next step up from the Expedition class trains and one that Peru Rail advertises as having “panoramic windows located beside and above your seat will bring you close to nature unlike anything you’ve experienced before” but we will discuss this shortly. Aside from the Panoramic windows, the Vistadome trains offer comfortable seating, tables, a selection of hot or cold drinks (non-alcoholic), a snack (as opposed to a light snack on the expedition), live entertainment (Dancers and fashion show) and they also have alcoholic drinks available for sale as well as additional snacks and souvenirs and on the return journey to Ollantaytambo, you can purchase baby alpaca items.

Now back to the windows, Peru Rail does a good job of promoting these trains as this is the first train where you see any mention of windows above your seat, but if you remember I mentioned that the Expedition train s also have these windows. To be fair the Vistadome trains do have more windows, but the difference is a 6” window that really provides no useful viewing and in my opinion is more for looks. For reference I have included some comparison photos below showing the additional window location.

Perurail Sacred Valley – Based on the website information (we have not had anyone actually take this train) the Perurail Sacred Valley train offers elegant design modeled after the 1920’s, larger more comfortable seating (2 seats on one side and 1 seat on the other), tables, a welcome andean infusion drink (non-alcoholic), and a full three course meal (lunch or dinner depending on direction) which may be accompanied by a glass of wine and petit fours. This train only offers side windows, but does include an observation/bar car for scenic viewing. This train only operates between the Urubamba and Aguas Calientes stations going, and on the return does stop in Ollantaytambo. This train only makes one journey a day each direction, so time options are set and this is not an ideal option if you are planning a one day visit to Machu Picchu. For reference the train departs Urubamba at 10:30 arriving in Aguas Calientes at 13:34, the return train departs Aguas Calientes at 19:30, arrives in Ollantaytambo at 21:28 and then Urubamba at 22:37.

Belmond Hiram Bingham – The Perurail Sacred Valley might be a luxurious option, but the Hiram Bingham is a step up from that, offering trains that have been modeled after the “Pullman” cars of the 1920’s and feature polished wood and bass interiors, in 3 different cars, a lounge car, and observation car and dining cars. The variety of cars offer a selection of seating as well, including large comfortable arm chairs, sofas and bar stools. Other benefits include, welcome cocktail (alcoholic) and gift (HB travel bag), live music and dance on board, a gourmet lunch or dinner (depending on direction), hot and cold drinks (includes wine, sparkling wine, Cusquena beer, and pisco sours), VIP lounge at the Machu Picchu station, and tea time at the Belmond Sanctuary Lodge. Trains to Aguas Calientes include shuttle bus up to Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu entry tickets and a guided tour of Machu Picchu and trains from Aguas Calientes include the shuttle bus from Machu Picchu to Aguas Calientes.

Like the Perurail Sacred Valley train, the Hiram Bingham train also is limited in the stations and times it runs. During the dry season the Hiram Bingham only runs between the Poroy and Aguas Calientes stations and only makes one trip per-day in each direction, during the rainy season the train operates from the Belmond Hotel Rio Sagrado located in the Sacred Valley, and again only make one trip per-day in each direction.

A few additional facts and things to know:

Rainy Season – Generally from January 1st through April 30th (the rainy season), all of the trains that normally operate from the Poroy station, either cease operations or they switch to operate from the Sacred Valley. The reason for this is safety, there is an area in the canyon between our town of Huarocondo and the Sacred Valley, that is prone to slides during the rainy season, so during these months the trains listed as going from the Poroy station will be departing from one of the Sacred Valley stations instead. The changes have varied over the years with the Hiram Bingham normally switching to the Belmond Hotel Rio Sagrado, but the other trains have used both the Ollantaytambo station as well as the Pachar station, so if looking for dates during these month, be sure to review any notices or pop-ups that might appear on the companies website.

Travel Time – For the most part, the travel time between Cusco and Aguas Calientes will be the same no matter which station you might choose, with about the only difference being the trains from the Urubamba station, due to the close proximity of homes to the tracks between Urubamba and Ollantaytambo, the train moves much slower than a car or other vehicle on the road. Choosing a train from the Poroy station (which is generally labeled as the Cusco station), will not save you time nor a transfer as the Poroy station is still 20 minute outside of Cusco.

Station Choice – In my option the Ollantaytambo station is going to be the best option for most travelers, this station has the most options for times each day, is the perfect location as you can easily do a tour on the way and take a later train, thus making the most of your time, and if just traveling directly between Ollantaytambo and Cusco, the combined cost of the train and transfer is normally less than the combined cost of using the Poroy station with transfer.

Train times – This one is a little tricky as people tend to have differing opinions and itineraries, but in general there are two ways in which most people visit Machu Picchu, a one day trip and arriving the day before. Personally I think that arriving in Aguas Calientes the day/night before is the best use of time, and for this option I would recommend departing Ollantaytambo around 6 or 7 pm and departing Aguas Calientes the next day at about the same time. If doing a one day trip then departing anywhere between 5 and 7 am is normally good, and again leaving Aguas Calientes at around 6 or 7 pm works well. Keep in mind that the overall travel time from Aguas Calientes back to Cusco is about 3-1/2 hours.

Scenery – This is something that is regularly brought up on the travel forums, and you might have noticed that the times I recommended above would have you traveling in the dark. Yes the journey between Ollantaytambo and Aguas Calientes is nice, is it one of the top ten most beautiful train journeys? No, so the question to ask yourself if in the planning stages should be, “is the scenery worth missing out on seeing other sites and locations?” My answer is generally no, take for example doing a Sacred Valley tour before catching the train, normally we can visit the Cochahuasi Animal Sanctuary, Pisac, the Inkariy Museum and Ollantaytambo, finishing up in Ollantaytambo in time for guests to have dinner before catching the 19:04 train to Aguas Calientes. To be able to have daylight for the journey one would have to get a train around 16:00 or 16:30, this would require dropping one or more of the sites on the tour. As most people have a limited amount of time here in the Cusco region, my advice is to take the train in the evening so you can maximize what you are able to see, but this is my opinion.

As always, thanks for taking the time to read my ramblings. While I believe I covered everything thoroughly, if anyone has any questions feel free to post them below and I will answer just as soon as I can.

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Update to the New Regulations for Machu Picchu

Recently the Ministry of Culture has posted a new notice that does seem to confirm the need to have a guide while visiting Machu Picchu, as well as a few other points that have been floating around since there first notice about splitting the day into two sessions. Based on the new information I thought it would be a good idea to add an update to my previous blog post about the split day.

My wife and I sat down and went over the most recent notice regarding the Machu Picchu entries, and the down side of some of the conditions that are on this new notice is that they are a little vague and will likely be subject to interpretation, but here is our take on how it translates, and what it means for new visitors.

Machu Picchu

The wife and I at Machu Picchu

#1 – Visitors that purchased Machu Picchu entries prior to the enactment of the split entry times, will be allowed to visit Machu Picchu under the old rules and will not be effected by these new rules/procedures. So if you purchased your tickets prior to the split, you should be allowed the full day at the site and should not be required to have a guide.

#2 – Visitors that purchase their Machu Picchu entries after the split, and are only planning on visiting Machu Picchu without the addition of Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain, will have to choose between the first entry time of 6:00 am to noon, or the second entry time of Noon to 5:30 pm.

#3 – Visitors that are planing to visit Machu Picchu with the addition of Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain will not have to choose as these additional hikes can only be done on the first entry.

#4 – Visitors will be limited to 4 hours in the site and must have a licensed guide with them while in the site, with the exception of visitors doing Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain (see points #6, #13 & #14 below).

#5 – Visitors that are planning a second day or session will not need a guide for the second visit, but will have to show the ticket from the previous visit and have the name of the guide that they were with during their first visit.

#6 – Visitors that are doing either of the mountains will be allowed to do the mountain hike without a guide, but must have a guide for their tour of Machu Picchu itself, unless they are doing the mountain on a second visit.

#7 – Visitors for the first entry that enter late (after 8:00 am) will be allowed to stay past noon to complete the tour, as long as they have a guide. Visitors for the second entry can enter as early as 11:00 am but must depart the site by 5:30 pm.

#8 – Visitors will no longer be allowed to exit and re-enter, once they have entered the site.

#9 – Guided tours must be a minimum of 3 hours.

#10 – The first entry is set for a maximum of 3,267 people, which includes those from Machu Picchu Mountain, Huayna Picchu and the Inka Trail.

#11 – The second entry is set for a maximum of 2,673 people, which includes the late entry tickets (after 1:00 pm).

#12 – Group size can not exceed 20 people

#13 – Visitors doing Machu Picchu Mountain will have a maximum of 7 hours at the site, 3 hours for the Mountain and 4 hours for the site.

#14 – Visitors doing Huayna Picchu will have a maximum of 6 hours, 2 hours for the mountain and 4 hours for the site.

#15 – This program will continue until November or December of 2017, at which time it will be reviewed and a determination will be made at that time to continue, modify or cancel the new procedures.

#16 – Those entitled to free entry (Cusco residence) will be allowed free entry on Sundays, only in the second session, and only if there are tickets available.

Machu Picchu Mountain and Huayna Picchu – Our take on what we have read is that those that choose the first entry for either of these hikes, will need to do the hike and arrange to meet a guide at a set point, the small plaza by the Huayna Picchu start point is suggested in the notice, after the hike they will be allowed to 4 hour guided your. Those that choose the second entry are likely going to have to do the tour prior to starting their hike, and will do the mountain hike after the guided tour.

I believe that covers all of the main points, and keep in mind that a lot of what is on the new notice is going to be open to interpretation, for example the point about the maximum number of persons being 20, it is not specific as to if this is including the guide, or is just the tourists. Another good example is the wording for those that are doing Machu Picchu Mountain and Huayna Picchu, it does not specifically say that they have to have a guide for the site, but it does mention that they have to arrange to meet a guide, which leads me to believe that they will also have to have a guide for the Machu Picchu portion of their visit.

I think it would really take an attorney that is fluent in both Spanish and English to really make this all make sense, and even then I believe there will still be wording that will be open for some interpretation, but the above is what my wife and I got out of the notice and may, or may not, be entirely correct. Only time will tell and if these are any major updates or changes after July 1st, I will post another update.

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